Self-employed allowable expenses you can claim on

If you’re self-utilized, allowable costs can lower your Self Evaluation tax invoice.

In this short article, we discuss about how your organization can assert back again revenue.

Here’s what we protect:

Income tax aid: How you can decrease your tax by boasting on business charges

As a sole trader or freelancer, it’s crucial to comprehend your standard allowable expenses—even if you’re paying an accountant to support with your tax return.

You can declare tax back again on some of the expenses of operating your business—what HMRC phone calls allowable expenses. These appear as fees in your company accounts deducted from the profit you pay tax on.

Expenditures can lessen the typical sole trader’s tax bill—often substantially.

For illustration, if your turnover is £80,000 and you assert £20,000 in allowable bills, you only shell out tax on the remaining £60,000—a substantial conserving.

You can also use simplified bills.

These flat premiums allow for you to promptly compute tax reduction on motor vehicles, doing the job from residence and living on your company premises. It can make doing work your costs noticeably much easier.

On the website, you can locate the most common fees you can claim for self-utilized and the most frequent fees you can declare for if you lease out a house.

Self-used allowable expenditures list

Underneath we cover some of the points you can declare for. To reiterate, we believe you’re utilizing income foundation accounting, as the policies for conventional accounting can be a bit different.

You can include these figures to your self-assessment tax return.

Business devices and instruments

You can assert charges for business gear this sort of as laptops, PCs, printers, and computer application that your enterprise has utilized for much less than two many years.

You just can’t claim tax back on modest instruments.

Stationery and communications

As nicely as the usual paper, envelopes and pens, you can also declare back again tax on postage and printing, such as the fees of printer ink and cartridges that you use as aspect of your business.

With much more corporations now investing on line, this allowance also applies to digital communications – so you can assert tax back on your business enterprise telephone, mobile and net charges.

Cell phone and online

If you use your mobile phone, cell and web for own and small business use, you are going to want to exhibit a practical way of dividing the expenses and can only claim tax back again on the section for small business use.

If you cannot demonstrate this, you cannot claim any tax again.

Skilled and monetary expert services

If you get advice from an accountant, lawyer or other expert as section of your small business, you can claim tax again on their costs.

You can also assert allowable bills for using the services of surveyors and architects for your company, just not for personal house advancements.

If you have a organization financial institution account, you can claim tax aid on bank, overdraft and credit rating card prices or fascination on business enterprise loans.

You can also declare tax again on employ the service of acquire, lease, or other money payments for equipment you use in your small business.

Pension contributions

Contributions to your pension are not a organization cost, so they really do not influence your self-used profits. Having said that, you are suitable for tax relief on any contributions you make, which your pension supplier will routinely claim.

Team and worker charges

You can declare tax aid on personnel and team salaries, bonuses, pensions, advantages, employees and employee costs, agency fees, subcontractors, and employer’s National Insurance contributions.

Travel expenses

There’s a host of allowable bills you can claim for if you ought to travel for organization, together with practice, bus, taxi, airfares, and lodging expenses.

But these only utilize if the major explanation for your journey or remain was for company.

If you get a excursion that combines business enterprise and satisfaction, you can only claim tax relief on fees that you can present are independent from the personal section of your journey.

If you simply cannot split up the charges, you can not assert tax relief on any part.

Auto and vehicle prices

If you use a motor vehicle as aspect of your company, you can claim tax aid for fees this kind of as petrol, insurance policy, and repairs.

Mileage allowance

As a self-used person, you can increase up all your motor bills for the 12 months and function out the independent enterprise ingredient of the whole cost.

Nevertheless, retaining monitor and doing the job this out takes time and effort and hard work.

Instead, you can assert mileage allowance, a simplified expenditure that lets you determine the costs for working your automobile.

Other car or truck-associated regions you can declare fees on involve:

  • Parking
  • Breakdown go over
  • Employ expenses.

All over again, tax relief only applies to these if they are business rather than personal expenditures.

You simply cannot claim tax back again on parking or other fines incurred though driving. There is no tax aid for breaking the law.

Food items and clothing

Everybody requires food stuff and outfits but claiming for them on expenses depends on what you’re applying them for.


Frequently, you can’t assert for clothes if it’s a little something you’d have on as part of an each day wardrobe. So, even if you have acquired a suit for perform, you can’t assert for its value.

But, if you ought to get a uniform that identifies what you do or requires particular protecting apparel to do your occupation, you can assert for that.

You can’t claim for non-uniform goods these kinds of as shoes and socks.

If you’re an entertainer, and the garments you are obtaining are a costume for a phase, Tv set or movie efficiency, then you can claim tax aid on individuals.

Clowns, magicians, acrobats and Elvis impersonators – we bet HMRC enjoys examining your apparel promises!


If you wear a uniform or specific protecting clothing, you can assert expenses if you wash, mend, or switch it.


You can only claim money back on meals and consume if it is a business enterprise cost, indicating it should be exterior your common performing plan, this kind of as a business journey.

Stock and elements

You can claim tax back again on:

  • Things that you resell, e.g. inventory
  • Uncooked products that you use to make goods for sale
  • Direct costs from producing goods.

Promoting and marketing

You can claim tax again on the expenses of promoting and internet marketing your enterprise, together with costs for hosting and preserving your corporation internet site.

But beware, you could imagine that dealing with a consumer or supplier to lunch is ‘marketing’, but HMRC considers it as ‘entertaining’, which you can not assert tax back for.

If you are a member of a experienced trade body or organisation as aspect of your company, you can declare tax reduction on your membership costs. Subscriptions to trade or skilled journals are also allowable fees, so assert for all those as well.

Study more about Self Evaluation

What expenses can I declare when doing work from residence?

As a sole trader, you may possibly operate your corporations from residence.

In this scenario, you can only declare tax back again on the proportion of all those bills that relate to the room you use for your company, including heating, electric power, council tax and mortgage loan desire.

You’ll want to uncover a real looking way of dividing the charges.

You might divide your expenses in accordance to the range of rooms you use for your organization or the time you devote doing the job from household.

How can I keep track of my allowable bills?

You should really monitor your enterprise expenditures all over the calendar year and retain organised data. If you are unincorporated or a sole trader, you need to retain documents for 5 decades after 31 January of the pertinent tax 12 months.

Ideally, you’d use accounting computer software, which will save time and is extra accurate than applying spreadsheets.

It should really allow you import costs and receipts—if you have paper receipts, you can normally snap and seize them digitally.  

How do I assert my self-used company charges?

You work out what you can claim back again and increase the details to your tax return.

If you have saved your charges organised (adding them to accounting program will aid you accomplish this), that will make this process less difficult.

And finally, it could be a matter of giving a solitary determine for your allowable costs or offering a specific breakdown on your tax return.

Possibly way, you should precisely operate out your fees in situation HMRC comes back again with concerns.

Ultimate thoughts on allowable fees

Knowing allowable charges can make all the variance to your hard cash movement.

If you know what you can and just can’t claim back, it helps make factors substantially a lot easier occur tax return time.

Although we have covered some essential charges you can assert back again, acquiring assist from an accountant or tax adviser can make all the variance below.

Give you plenty of time to get your head all-around your allowable expenses, communicate to the specialists if you require to, and be certain you really don’t have to fork out more tax than is needed.

Editor’s note: This report was 1st printed in December 2019 and has been up-to-date for relevance.